Tag Archives: guitar

New band lineup baby announcement

My wife Ester and I are expecting and since we’re both musicians we grabbed our guitars and did a fun photoshoot to announce our good news. Inspired by this creative announcement we came across.

Video: Far From Any Road, True Detective Intro Song Cover

True Detective Intro

My gal Ester and I do a cover of the True Detective intro song, Far From Any Road, originally by The Handsome Family. The instruments used included guitar, melodica, ukulele, castanet, percussion frog and a snare drum. Recorded with a Shure SM58 for vocals, a Lexicon MX300 for the vocal reverb, a Shure SM57 for instruments and a MOTU Traveler.

Video: Triggering lights with guitar frequency levels

EQTrigger

Had an idea after catching this post on Hack a Day, why not use the frequency level values to trip a 120 volt relay? So I ordered some parts and did it. The audio analyzing chip, the MSGEQ7, is easily accessed using DFRobot’s DFR0126, which, being in Canada, I got from RobotShop. Connecting the breakout board to an Arduino Nano was a 5 minute job, sample code and a library is linked from the DFRobot product page. I initially used a potentiometer to input the threshold levels for the relay, but then realized I could use a momentary switch to sample the desired threshold and then use that to compare the real-time input to.

The circuit is simple, when a button (momentary stomp) is depressed, and we all get depressed sometimes, the code saves the input values from the audio analyzer. There are seven frequency bands it records, but I found only three or four of them are applicable to guitar, so ignore the lowest and perhaps the highest two. After a threshold has been recorded simply check the input against the recorded levels and trip the relay (or not).

I gave the thresholds a grace of 5 (on a theoretical input range of 0-1023), I may add a pot for this adjustment as it may vary based on guitar signal types. The result is quite versatile, you could have the relay turn off a mellow light and turn on a spastic light when the signal goes loud. If you pay close enough attention to EQ bands and levels you could trigger various lights based on a variety of guitar effects. This setup would also allow, albeit in a roundabout way, you to engage a guitar effect based on the frequency band levels, as long as the effect will pass-through without power then connecting it to the relay would engage the effect — or you could redesign this circuit to route some audio signals based on the input levels.


The pedal I stomp in the video is the MP-1 fuzz from Inductor Guitars, the EQTrigger pedal is connected to the extra output on a Boss TU-2 tuner and is reacting auto-magically to the change in guitar signal when I play louder or engage the fuzz.



Parts List

eqtrigger
Okay, so I didn’t spend a lot of time working out a clean circuit diagram — at least I didn’t use as much electrical tape in the diagram.

Arduino Sketch


#include <AudioAnalyzer.h>
Analyzer Audio = Analyzer(4,5,0);

int FreqVal[7];
int FreqThreshVal[7];

int switchPin = 3;
int switchValue = 0;

int relayPin = 2;

void setup()
{
  pinMode(relayPin, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(switchPin, INPUT);

  for(int i=0;i<7;i++)
    FreqThreshVal[i] = 512;

  //Serial.begin(57600);
  Audio.Init();
}

void loop()
{
  Audio.ReadFreq(FreqVal);//return 7 value of 7 bands pass filiter
                          //Frequency(Hz):63  160  400  1K  2.5K  6.25K  16K
                          //FreqVal[]:      0    1    2    3    4    5    6  

  switchValue = digitalRead(switchPin);  

  if(switchValue == HIGH)
  {
    for(int i=1;i<5;i++)
    {
       FreqThreshVal[i] = FreqVal[i];
       /*
       Serial.print(max((FreqVal[i]-100),0));

       if(i<6)
        Serial.print(",");
       else
        Serial.println(" SET ");
        */
    }
  }
  else
  {
    boolean thresholdMet = true;

    for(int i=1;i<5;i++)
    {
       //Serial.print(max((FreqVal[i]-100),0));

       if(FreqVal[i] < FreqThreshVal[i]-5)
         thresholdMet = false;

       /*
       if(i<6)
         Serial.print(",");
       else
         Serial.println(" READ ");
         */
    }  

    if(thresholdMet == true)
    {
      //Serial.println(" MET ");
      digitalWrite(relayPin, HIGH);
    }
    else
    {
      digitalWrite(relayPin, LOW);
    }
  }
}

Kaoss Guitar, Korg Kaoss Pad / Epiphone Les Paul Mod

kaoss guitarA plan began to form. How hard would it be to put the touch pad on a cable of some sort and then mount it on a guitar?

I’ve migrated unmaintained from Community Server to WordPress and intend to maintain it a little better. Seeing as how my Kaoss Guitar mod tutorial was one of, if not the most, popular post on unmaintained I’ve migrated it. At some point I will also convert the forum thread replies to comments on this post. I’m glad to see folks are still doing this mod and putting the resulting intruments to good use.

YouTube Demos

Checking my RSS feeds one day I came across a post on Music Thing regarding a Hugh Manson guitar with an XY midi controller in it. The demo video of this thing on YouTube had the pad controlling a Kaoss Pad, watching this as well as a Muse concert w/ another similar Hugh Manson guitar and a Radiohead show w/ the Kaoss Pad got me hooked. I needed one. Shortly there after I noticed one on good ol’ Craig’s List and picked up a Kaoss Pad 2 for $250 CAN ( sweet! ).

I want to stress that I’m not the first person to do this, perhaps the first to do it on the cheap at home, but props go to Hugh Manson and MJ Guitar Engineering both of who have made guitars with a simliar controller built in.

 

While the Kaoss Pad is fantastic in many ways, it’s not very friendly to guitarists in it’s natural state, I quickly realized this. One would have to have it on a stand of some sort to use it while playing, which wouldn’t do. A plan began to form. How hard would it be to put the touch pad on a cable of some sort and then mount it on a guitar? Usual disclaimer applies, if you break your gear don’t blame me. I suggest reading the entire article beforehand to get an idea of what’s involved.

Step 1, Proof of Concept

The first step I took was to ensure that this would work, at least to some degree by investigating the Kaoss Pad and connecting the touch pad through a cable. Personally I wanted to take this step before committing to a guitar however soldering at this step will most likely have to be redone when fishing the cables through the guitar since the connectors in most cases will not fit through the holes you drill.

Materials

  • 1x Button
  • 2x Female DB9 Serial Connectors
  • 1x Straight Serial Cable Male to Male
  • 1x Soldering Iron

Taking the Kaoss Pad Apart

I’ve got to hand it to Korg, they know how to put a device together. I’ve never been so pleased at the ease of which something’s come apart. There are 4 screws on the bottom plate, 3 screws on the rear of the pad as well as a ground wire screw and a whole lot more on the circuit boards inside. A mid sized Phillips Head ( cross ) screw driver will do them all. First, pop the three knobs off the face of the Kaoss Pad, these should come off rather easily with your fingers, then remove the screws at the rear and the grounding screw. Next remove the back plate screws and remove the plate. Lastly, remove all the screws from the circuit boards inside without removing the boards ( shown in red ).

 

Carefully slide the lower two PCB’s ( circuit boards ) upwards so that the mic and headphone jacks / knobs slide out of the frame, just let these little boards sit where they are once the jacks / knobs are out. You can then carefully move the main PCB slightly to allow removal of the rear PCB ( the one with all the inputs / outputs ) do this slowly and don’t move the main board very much. The touch pad is connected to the main PCB with a all fragile ribbon cable, the rear PCB is also connected to the frame to power the blue light on the top display ( you can disconnect this easily however you don’t have to in order to accomplish what we’re doing ). Once the rear PCB is out of the frame you should be able to lift the main PCB enough to disconnect the touch pad’s ribbon cable, make note of which side of the cable was face up when inserted into it’s connector. The white connector must be opened to allow removal of the ribbon cable, this is done by carefully gripping the edge of the connector and pulling in the direction as if you were pulling out the cable, but don’t pull the cable! just the connector, it will snap open and the cable should then slide out easily. Be very careful with this cable as it’s connection to the touch pad is fragile and in my experience these cables are delicate in themselves.

 

The touch pad is braced to the front of the pad with 4 metal brackets, carefully remove the screws and place these aside. You can then remove the touch pad. Put it somewhere safe and out of the way, I placed it in a ziplock to prevent dust getting into it’s panels.

Wiring Connectors

When disconnecting the screen you would have noticed the small white ribbon cable connector on the main PCB, if you can find one of these to purchase or scavenge from something, great! I was about to fashion a make-shift version when I realized I can just pop that one off the PCB. Removing components from a PCB can be a nasty task, a solder remover will help, perhaps a google search or two on this ( I’m certainly not an expert at it ). Make a note of which way the connector was facing on the PCB. Once this is removed ( or you’ve found a suitable stand-in ) we can start the soldering, run 4 wires from the 4 connections on the PCB where the screen connecter is/was to one of the DB9 connectors ( the red square in the image below ), I used pins 1, 2, 6 and 7 for this although it doesn’t matter as long as it matches the other connector. Next run 2 wires from the hold button solder points on the PCB ( the purple circles in the image below ) to 2 more pins on the DB9 connector.

This next part will most likely have to be resoldered when you mount the pad and hardware in the guitar so it’s up to you whether you want to skip it or not, I wanted to ensure everything worked so I when ahead and did it. Simply solder the button and the ribbon connector ( that you removed from the PCB or replaced ) to the remaining DB9 connector. Refer to the note you made on the placement of the connector on the PCB initially and solder the same leads to the same pins on the connector, make sense? Once this is done refer to your note on how the screen’s ribbon cable was inserted ( or visualize how it was ) ensure that the connector is in it’s open position, slide the cable in and then close the connector. All that’s left is to connect the serial cable and power on the Kaoss Pad, I suggest closing the Kaoss Pad ( sans screen ), before you do, trace the screen opening on the Kaoss Pad onto some paper for use as a template later. The DB9 connector can just hang out the screen opening for now. Don’t worry about replacing all the screws at this point you’ll probably open it up again. Hopefully you’re up and running with the touch pad on a cable now, proof of concept, proven. In the picture below I have replaced the missing pad with a some plexi-glass and mounted the connector.

Step 2, Guitar Shopping

Obviously you may be able to skip this part if you have a suitable victim in mind. I wasn’t willing to risk destroying one of my favorite guitars so I decided to purchase an affordable guitar for just this purpose. I settled on a used Epiphone Les Paul Special 2, it had enough space on the body and a nice flaw hiding black finish. Measure the screen size ( including it’s mounting frame ) and take a template shopping with you to ensure the guitar will have enough space. Also start thinking about button and connector placement. Ideally try to keep these away from the guitar’s own hardware to avoid electromagnetic noise, think also about drilling, you’ll have to drill from the screen cavity to the connector and it’s nice to have the button reside along this path.

Step 3, Hack the Axe

This step is where I’m sure many if not everyone who tries this will deviate from my approach. I’ve never done any wood work on a guitar before, I did this in a near complete vacuum of information, I was too antsy to research much. My plan was to just make a hole the size of the screen through the entire body then drill the path for the connector and button. You could accomplish this hack without making a cavity through the entire body and in retrospect I might’ve been better off, but having the full through cavity certainly helped with adjustments and allowed for less messing with the touch pad once it was in. I removed the strings, bridge, anything really that came off the guitar easily, depending on how you make the cavity you may want to remove tuners and pickups to avoid vibrations damaging them.

Here’s where you’ll all think I’m a lunatic, off to Lee Valley I went and purchased a number of chisels, taped off a template for the screen on the guitar’s body and went to town. Initially I was going to saw out the hole so I drilled out corners and went at it with a fret saw, this wasn’t working fast enough, hence the chisels. Drove my neighbors nuts for a couple nights and eventually ended up with a gaping hole through this poor guitar. I then “smoothed” out the cavity with a rasp.

The cavity should not be the size of the touch pad with it’s mounting frame, as the mounting frame should anchor the touch pad on the face of the guitar. So the main cavity should be slightly larger than the display area of the screen ( which you can reference from the opening in the Kaoss Pad ). On the face of the guitar I created a ledge where the touch pad frame would mount to, allowing the screen to sit flush with the face of the guitar. Also ensure that you create a space for the ribbon cable to loop around behind the screen, be generous for this as the cable is fragile, I used a slip of paper to protect the cable from the wood and chafing.

Once you’ve made this cavity ( or have had someone make it ) you can then drill a hole for the hold button and then for the DB9 connector. Save yourself a headache and design this so these two holes intersect.

I’m sure most of you can make this prettier, but as you can see, it can be rather horrible. This is all covered eventually by a frame/brace to hold the touch pad in on the front and a panel cover on the back.
Step 4, Fabricating a Frame and Back Cover

The frame I made from a semi-translucent plexi-glass about 1/4 inch thick. I cut this with my trusty Dremel, then smoothed it out as best I could with a sanding bit on the Dremel. The center space of this frame should be exactly that of the original opening for the touch pad in the old frame ( a template you made previously ) the width of this frame is up to you really, as long as it is wide enough to accommodate screws which clear the edges of the touch pad. You can see in the image the frame in pink and the touch pad frame in grey. I never used the holes on the touch pad frame for mounting as the screws through the plexi glass held the screen in very well. Remember to always drill into the guitar body before screwing as you don’t want to crack the finish or cause undue stress on the surrounding body.

If you’ve made a cavity straight through you’ll need a back cover. I decided to cover both the original guitar cavity and the new two ( screen and button ) with one new cover. The back cover I used plexi glass as well, too thick in retrospect, you should find as thin as possible. Translucent helps as you can place the plexi glass over the guitar and simply trace the shape of the cavity. Lining the underside of the cavity with foil or copper tape can help shield the cavities, but you can do this later. Simply cut out the shape, make some screw holes ( remember to drill ) and you’re all set.

Step 5, Mounting the Touch Pad and Final Wiring

Without the pad in place try screwing your frame on, if all goes well then remove it, place the touch pad in, I kept the plastic cone behind the screen to distribute the LED light and for protection. I then checked the screen movement, in my case it gave slightly due to my sloppy work so I used one of the braces from the Kaoss Pad body ( which originally braced the screen ) to brace the screen from behind in the cavity. Ensure that you run the ribbon cable behind the screen when you mount it, careful that it is not chafing on anything and is safe from duress.

If you’ve already soldered the DB9 connector to the ribbon cable connector you can try to fish the ribbon connector through the hole you drilled, if it doesn’t fit ( or doesn’t look like it will ) you’ll have to undo the solder, fish the wires and then re-solder, I suggest fishing the button wires first through and out the button hole, then the wires for the touch pad. This is what I did. In the image you can see the touch pad’s ribbon cable inserted into the connector as well as some nasty soldering. An extra two wires you say? The Blue and Yellow wires are to power the blue LED, pick up any LED you like or set and the use the two pins closest to the ribbon cable, in the image yellow is positive and blue is negative. The positive lead on the LED ( the longer of the two LED wires ) should be connected to the lead the Yellow wire is soldered to in the image. The negative lead of the LED ( the longer wire ) should be connected to a 1K resistor ( brown-black-red-gold ) which should then be connected to the lead the Blue wire is soldered to in the image. The four wires for the touch pad connector should match the DB9 connections wired on the PCB of the Kaoss Pad ( as you can see you LED piggy backs two of these ). Wiring the LED wrong will cause a flickering LED and interfere with the pad signal ( however it didn’t wreck anything for me, neither did plugging the screen in upside-down which I did a number of times ).

I then held everything in place with some electrical tape. Place the LED where you get a desirable light. As you can see I lined the cavities with copper tape to reduce EM interference.

Originally I intended to mount the button properly with it’s nut and washer, however the hole I drilled was so snug I said t’hell with it and just soldered then worked it in, since the hole is through I can always push it out from behind.

 

 

Final Notes

There it is, throw the back cover on and you’re good to go. Let me know if something’s unclear, if you run into any problems I can offer advice in regards to how I did it, but I must admit I’m no electrical or fabrication expert.

kaoss guitar
 
Update: The good folks at Two Cherries Instruments have released a new version of their all-in-one kit, the Black Box Kaoss Pad Guitar Kit check it out!